Laurent Fabius, previously France’s minister of foreign affairs and president of the COP21 meeting in Paris, warned that political uncertainty clouds the picture for this year’s climate talks in Baku.

“Because time is short, because the international situation is not good and nobody knows what it will be next November, for many reasons, and because Baku has to deliver,” he said.

He welcomed an initiative by COP hosts United Arab Emirates, Azerbaijan and Brazil – which will hold pivotal 2025 talks – to work together to maintain global focus on keeping the 1.5C goal alive.

Analysts say progress on finance is needed this year to help drive how ambitious countries are in their new national climate targets, with enhanced decarbonisation plans expected late this year and early 2025.

IEA chief Fatih Birol said the energy agency, which has become a key player in promoting the energy transition, would offer countries help to beef up emissions-cutting targets, with enhanced decarbonisation plans expected this year and in 2025.

He also announced a new mechanism from Mar 1 to measure the gap between countries’ goals and the actions being taken.

“We trust the governments that they will do what they said they will do, but at the IEA, we believe in numbers,” he said.

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